Intel Corporation is one of the largest and best known brands in the field of computer processors today. Located in Santa Clara, CA, the company is the largest semiconductor chip maker in the world. They also happen to be the company with the highest value in this field according to revenue. The company today makes a wide range of products, including network interface controllers, motherboard chipsets, flash memory, graphic chips, and embedded processors to name just some of them. Today, their largest competitor is AMD. When people are buying computers, they often debate over whether they want an Intel or AMD chipset in the PC.
The company started in Mountain View, CA in 1968. The founders were Gordon E. Moore, Robert Noyce, Arthur Rock, and Max Palevsky. Moor and Noyce once worked for Fairchild Semiconductor. They were two of Intel's first employees as well as founders. Rock was an investor and Chairman of the Board rather than an employee. The company took its name from the words integrated electronics, as well as the fact that intel means intelligence. They felt that the name was highly appropriate. However, that was not always the plan for the company name. In the beginning, Noyce and Moore wanted to call the company Moore Noyse, a play on more noise. However, this was not a great name for an electronics company. They eventually chose NM Electronics, which they used for almost a year before coming up with Intel.
During the first years of business, they gained their fame by making high quality semiconductors. They also made the Schottky TTL bipolar 64-bit static random-access memory (SRAM), a product that proved to be twice as fast as the other similar options on the market at the time. The same year, 1969, they made the 3301 Schottky bipolar 1024-bit read-only memory (ROM) and the first commercial metal杘xide杝emiconductor field-effect transistor (MOSFET) silicon gate SRAM chip, the 256-bit 1101.
In 1971, Intel made the Intel 4004. This was the first commercial microprocessor, designed by Federico Faggin. They made one of the world's first microcomputers just a year later. For nearly a decade they were mainly in the business of making dynamic random access memory chips, but the company changed focus in the 80s to work mostly on microprocessors. This proved to be a very smart move, as it became the area where Intel really excelled.
They also proved to be quite adept at marketing their brand. They introduced the Intel Inside campaign in the early 90s, and that fostered customer loyalty and brand recognition that is still going strong today.
In the early 2000s, growth for Intel slowed a bit as the demand for microprocessors was on the decline, and their competitors, namely AMD, were on the rise. In the mid-2000s though, they introduced various microarchitectures - Core, Penryn, and Nehalem - which garnered praise in the field.
Intel also bought McAfee, the computer security and antivirus company. They also made a number of other acquisitions. They include Infineon Technologies, SySDSoft, Fulcrum Microsystems, Telmap, and OMek Interactive to name just a few. These purchases have helped them to increase their reach and expertise in a number of areas.
The company makes a wide range of different products in the computer field, including their popular processors and boards. They also make chipsets, solid state drives, as well as a variety of Ethernet, server, and wireless products. Today, most of the computers on the market will use Intel or AMD architecture.
Because of the marketing the company has done over the years, most people know the name Intel, and many know the Intel Inside marketing. They know the logo and they know that the company has a good record when it comes to making quality products. While they may have made a few missteps with some of their products in the past, most of the items they've made have been high quality. They've also made some rather impressive innovations in the field of computers, and it is no exaggeration to say that the world of computers today would be much different if it were not for Intel.